Lion with forked tail standing left. Church architecture and artefacts provide a useful source of historical information. It is not entirely clear how many Britons would have been Christian when the pagan Anglo-Saxons arrived. However, Sussex and the Isle of Wight remained mainly pagan until the arrival of Saint Wilfridthe exiled Archbishop of Yorkwho converted Sussex around and the Isle of Wight in
Geography A satellite image showing the geography of England. The mainland territory of England occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west.
England comprises the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britainplus offshore islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. It is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of Britain, and is only 24 miles 52 km from France.
England's land area is 50, square milessquare kilometersor slightly smaller than Louisiana in the United States. Most of England consists of rolling hills, but it is more mountainous in the north with a chain of low mountains, the Pennines, dividing east and west.
The dividing line between terrain types is usually indicated by the Tees-Exe line. There is also an area of flat, low-lying marshland in the east, the Fens, much of which has been drained for agricultural use.
Untilthe Humber Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world. England has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The prevailing wind is from the south-west, bringing mild and wet weather from the Atlantic Ocean.
It is driest in the east and warmest in the south, which is closest to the European mainland. Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring. England's best-known river is the Thames, which flows through London.
At miles kmit is the longest river in England. The River Severn is the longest in total, but it flows from the mountains of Wales, and the parts which run through England are shorter than the Thames. The largest natural harbor is at Poole, on the south-central coast. English countryside on a fine summer's day.
Originally, oak forests covered the lowlands, while pine forests and patches of moorland covered the higher or sandy ground. Much forest has been cleared for cultivation, so that byonly about 9 percent of the total surface was wooded—in east and north of Scotland and in southeast England.
Oak, elm, ash, and beech are the most common trees in England, while pine and birch are common in Scotland. Heather, grasses, gorse, and bracken predominate on the moorlands.
Wolves, bears, boars, and reindeer are extinct, but red and roe deer are protected for sport. Foxes, hares, hedgehogs, rabbits, weasels, stoats, shrews, rats, and mice are common, otters are found in many rivers, and seals appear along the coast.
The chaffinch, blackbird, sparrow, and starling are the most numerous of the species of birds there, and another are migratory. Game birds—pheasants, partridges, and red grouse—are protected.
The rivers and lakes contain salmon, trout, perch, pike, roach, dace, and grayling. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60 percent of food needs with only one percent of the labor force.
It contributes around two percent of GDP. Around two thirds of production is devoted to livestock, and one third to arable crops. As part of the United KingdomEngland is reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
It has met Kyoto Protocol target of a The government aims to reduce the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85 percent of levels and to recycle or compost at least 25 percent of household waste, increasing to 33 percent by The City of Birmingham The capital city of England is Londonwhich is the largest city in Great Britainand the largest city in the European Union by most measures.The New England region was an area of mostly homogeneous culture.
The English settled in large groups.
The settlers in the New England colonies settled in towns, typically surrounded by 40 square miles of land that was farmed by the individuals who lived in the towns. Towns were fairly small.
England is the largest and most populous constituent country of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and is located to the north-west of mainland Europe.
Its inhabitants account for more than 82 percent of the total population of the United Kingdom. England is often mistakenly considered the same as the United Kingdom, or the same as the island of Great Britain, which. Early New England colonial houses were usually located mostly along the shores of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.
A Closer Look at American Bungalow Styles. Old Ideas in New Construction.
Learn About the University of New England and What It Takes to Get In. The Best Country Stores in New England Article and photos, unless otherwise noted, by Eric Hurwitz. Article updated on 11/02/ Share this New England travel article with your friends. Calvin Stearns, the father, George, one of his four sons, the father's brother, and Calvin's three other sons covered a lot of ground in early 's New England.
England - Cultural life: England’s contribution to both British and world culture is too vast for anything but a cursory survey here. Historically, England was a very homogeneous country and developed coherent traditions, but, especially as the British Empire expanded and the country absorbed peoples from throughout the globe, English culture has been accented with diverse contributions from.