Total Allied 1, The majority of these planes were of obsolete types. These forces were quickly overwhelmed. Fifty percent of the planes were destroyed on the ground. Our three lightly supported aircraft carriers in the Pacific did not constitute a sufficient force to warrant their being risked in those operations.
They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. America had the bomb. When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity.
The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known. American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight.
American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion. A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9,following the detonation of "Fat Man.
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life.
First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan.
Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made.
The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible.
Regardless, on August 6,a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Instantly, 70, Japanese citizens were vaporized.
In the months and years that followed, an additionalperished from burns and radiation sickness. Exploding directly over a city of , the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away. Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. On August 14,the Japanese surrendered. Critics have charged that Truman's decision was a barbaric act that brought negative long-term consequences to the United States.
A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race. Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary.
The American government was accused of racism on the grounds that such a device would never have been used against white civilians.
On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell. Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually. Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives.
The Soviet Union had entered the war against Japan, and the atomic bomb could be read as a strong message for the Soviets to tread lightly."Little Boy" was the code name for the type of nuclear bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August during World War II. It was the first nuclear weapon used in warfare.
Nov 18, · On August 6, , during World War II (), an American B bomber dropped the world’s first deployed atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion wiped out 90 percent.
For a detailed timeline of the bombings, please see Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombing Timeline. Hiroshima. Three days after the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9 – a kiloton plutonium device known as "Fat Man.” A US intelligence report dated August 23, .
Quotes from prominent Americans on why the atomic bombing of Japan was probably wrong. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Part of the Pacific War of World War II: In preparation for dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, is unknown.
One Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission report discusses 6, people examined in Hiroshima, and 6, people examined in Nagasaki, Location: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Empire of Japan.
Dropping the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki brought the war to a quick end. The Report. Photos. News. Truman Was Right to Drop the Atomic Bomb. Dropping the bombs on Hiroshima and.