He directly influenced Marshall McLuhan and continues to be a central figure in communications theory.
Gray, in Joint Force Quarterly "My key argument is organized around three reasons why it is difficult to do strategy well: Strategic discussion, by contrast, should consider what difference the use, or threat of use, of force would make to the course of events.
There is a sense in which all levels of conflict have strategic features, as Edward Luttwak states persuasively. A holistic approach is correct. A vision of a politically desirable condition should inspire policy choices supported by a strategy that makes good use of operational competence founded on tactical excellence.
Why is strategy difficult to achieve, let alone sustain?
With some grateful borrowing and adaptation from Clausewitz, I find six connected reasons. First, competence in strategy requires mastery of a challenging complexity. Second, by its nature strategy is more demanding of the intellect and perhaps imagination than any structurally more simple activity-policy, operations, tactics, or logistics for prominent examples.
Third, it is extraordinarily difficult to train competent strategists, let alone outstanding ones. Fourth, strategy is extraordinarily difficult to conduct with consistent excellence because of the unique physical and moral burdens it puts on would-be strategists.
Fifth, it is worth citing what Clausewitz termed friction, although the previous point can be seen as encompassing aspects of this phenomenon. Friction is not unique to the strategic realm, but it is likely to be uniquely pervasive and debilitating in its cumulative effect in that realm.
Finally, success in strategy calls for a quality of judgment that cannot be taught. Strategic performance is inescapable. The only alternative to good strategic performance is fair or poor strategic performance, not no strategic performance.
Comparative Strategic Cultureby Gray, in Parameters, Winter "The purpose of this article is to examine a three-part proposition: Just as cultural awareness can enlighten, so the "fog of culture" can restrict understanding. Restricted understanding of the strategic culture of others can be very dangerous for international peace and security.
Operational art translates the joint force commander's strategy into operational design and, ultimately, tactical action, by integrating the key activities at all levels of war.Negative Effects of Technology Essay examples Words | 13 Pages Negative effects of technology Several factors can be attributed to the construction of the modern world in the past few hundred years.
Essay on Positive and Negative Effects of Technology in Our Lives Words | 6 Pages. To Plug in or Not to Plug in Do personal technologies like phones, iPods, and computers connect or disconnect us? The opinions vary from person to person and generation to generation.
This part of the barnweddingvt.com web site looks into the issue of corporate influence in the mainstream media.
Topics include media conglomeration, mega mergers, concentration of ownership, advertising and marketing influence, free market ideology and its impact on the media and more. film = story + spectacle Long, long ago John Donne suggested that "No man is an island, entire of itself", tapping a theme of co-operation and mutual interdependence that echoes down the centuries.
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film = story + spectacle Long, long ago John Donne suggested that "No man is an island, entire of itself", tapping a theme of co-operation and mutual interdependence that echoes down the centuries.