Her father, Alessandro, was an accountant in the civil service, and her mother, Renilde Stoppani, was well educated and had a passion for reading. The Montessori family moved to Rome in and in the young Montessori girl enrolled in the local state school. Breaking conventional barriers from the beginning of her education, Maria initially had aspirations to become an engineer. When Maria Montessori graduated secondary school, she became determined to enter medical school and become a doctor.
Independence As educators or parents, you should never help a child carry out a task in which they feel they can comfortably do on their own.
It is very important that children can be independent in doing certain things by themselves. They should be given the opportunity to show this independence, such as picking their own clothes, deciding what sports they would like to play, and even assist adults with activities. This allows the child to build their self-esteem and confidence, which can carry on all throughout their life.
Observation It is key for parents to carry out proper observation of their children as they enjoy themselves and explore their environment. Like the principle, Maria Montessori learned a lot about children through observation, which resulted in this principle of observation.
For instance, if you notice that your child is always hitting on objects, this could indicate that they need more physical activities. You could use this knowledge to improve on that, such as by buying them a drum.
Following the Child If you follow your child, they will let you know what they need, the areas they need to develop themselves, what they are good at, and where they need to be challenged in.
Children who are persistent in their attempts with an object do not aim to learn, but they are naturally just drawn to it by wants of their natural self.
You should not always tell them what they should do, instead provide them with options of different materials to choose from.
And more so, take a step back to observe what they do. However, how much you step back from the child to follow them, you must also know when to intervene and set boundaries. Correcting the Child It is normal for a child to make mistakes.
They will make common mistakes like spilling water, dropping food, and messing up their bed unintentionally. When these accidents happen, you need not raise your voice at them, instead, you should gently recognize the mistake in a calm voice and let them know how they can correct it.
Through this, you are engaging the child in activities they normally see adults do and there onwards they can grow with responsibility in such situations. Prepared Environment As either parents or educators, it is the first responsibility to ensure that the environment is safe for children.
The prepared environment is an important aspect of the Montessori approach to learning. A Montessori proposed room is filled with different activities that are designed to give the children freedom to choose their activities and move about. Absorbent Mind Maria Montessori noticed that children could learn a language without being thought by anyone.
It was observed by Marie Montessori that children who were below 3 years of age did not need to be taught certain things before they learned them.
It is because of that that it is of utmost importance that the environment is prepared positively.Delving Deeper Into Our Craft: The Role of the Adult: Every Adult in the Environment: A Unifying Approach to Safety by Tim Duax, Ph.D.
Maria Montessori offered a clear path for adults to assist children in gaining freedom and discipline within the classroom and beyond. Inside the Montessori Classroom from American Montessori Society on Vimeo.. To grasp the essence of Montessori education, just step inside a classroom.
Beautiful, inviting, and thoughtfully arranged, the room embodies each element of Maria Montessori’s revolutionary approach. Inside a Montessori Classroom Montessori classrooms are peaceful, happy places designed to meet the developmental needs of each child in every stage of life.
They contain many places for children to learn and play, in many different ways: by themselves, in pairs, in small groups, in large groups, inside, outside, at tables, on the floor. According to Maria Montessori, the first stage of children’s development lasts from birth to six years.
During this period, the child goes through significant psychological and physical changes. In this period, a child is a researcher who develops his personality and gaining independence.
In Montessori, the curriculum is embedded within a learning environment or classroom, in the form of a carefully designed and sequenced range of hands-on learning materials and activities.
Montessori materials are designed to stimulate the child into logical thought and discovery. Maria Montessori It is the Directress’ role is to prepare a beautiful and enticing environment which will welcome the child in and provide a safe, calm and peaceful atmosphere in which they can learn.