Assess the biomedical and socio-medical models of health In this assignment, I will be explaining the different sociological approach of each perspective and how they approach health and ill-health. Health and ill-health or even the nutritional influence within health and ill-health test the interaction that comes between health and society. They also believe that ill-health is a role that needs to be played by those who are sick which is known as the sick role. People who are sick play a specific part in society.
Idleness unemployment Ignorance inadequate education Collectivism is the approach to providing health and social care services which are underpinned by a government commitment made to provide care and support for those who are vulnerable though tax and National Insurance.
There are always groups of people in societies who are potentially vulnerable which could include children, older people, people with physical impairments or with mental health needs. New Right Until the election where Margaret Thatcher became a part of the Conservative government, the post-war collectivist approach to welfare remained in place.
The New Right believe that it is important for children to have a stable home, with married mother and father, and that ideally the wife should be able to stay at home to look after the children. They believe that welfare should be the responsibility of the individual and their family.
Thatcher and her government came to a conclusion that the welfare state produced a society where people relied on benefits instead of planning a future or working for them selves and their family needs.
This aspect focuses on the physical and biological aspects on disease and illness, usually practised by healthcare professionals and doctors associated with the diagnosis and treatment.
This model of health is the most predominant in Western industrial Nation, e. The two aspects of the biomedical approach are: Improves the quality of life Successful in returning people back to a healthy state The problems are often easily and effectively treated such as diseases or illness which can be stopped.
Not always affordable by some countries due to the medical technology and resources needed. Socio-medical model of health — An approach to health and illness that focuses on the social and environmental factors that influence our health and well-being, including the impact of poverty, poor housing, diet, pollution and access to clean water and toilet facilities.
These have a strong impact on the overall health and well-being of individuals, communities and countries. The socio-medical model believes that people who are a part of the higher class are less likely to incur an illness than those who are a part of the lower class.
There are some limitations of the socio-medical model as they are incapable to provide explanations for certain mental health issues and the treatment prices are very high and require a lot of training hence why many people use in but mainly in developing areas and cities.
They are capable of providing an explanation as to why there is an increase or decrease in health.
Encourages people to live healthy lifestyles Looks at the cause of illness and attempts to change to factor causing the illness in order to prevent re-occurrence Removes barriers in order for disabled people to have the same opportunity to determine their life Disadvantages include: Functionalist and new right criticisms as they stated that the socio-medical model was not being scientific; therefore it is an excuse for absence from work and laziness.
New Right criticisms imply that the Socio-medical model is just another excuse to ignore the responsibility of personal well-being e. P2 — Explain different sociological approaches to health and ill-health In this section of my assignment I will be explain different sociological approaches to health and ill-health.
Some sociological perspectives I will be looking at are: It is claimed that the government in the capitalist society allows companies to contribute to ill-health in society. Many companies cause air, water pollution and deforestation which results in great disaster, alongside with that, tobacco and alcohol companies create huge cancer, alcoholism and other health conditions.
People from the higher class live better levels of health and enjoy a longer life expectancy than those from the working class. The government are not spending enough money to tackle many of the most serious causes of ill-health e. Interactionism approach to health and ill-health Professionals and patients negotiate how ill the individual is and whether or not they should be signed off from work e.
There are negotiations for those who are disabled for a long term who receive support with health professionals to determine their fitness for work.Dec 11, · D1Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups In this assignment I will be evaluating the sociological perspectives in two different social groups.
Transcript of Unit 7 Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care. Notes P2 and M1 P3, M2 and D1 Understanding patterns and trends in health and illness among different groups. P1 Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of .
Unit 7, Sociological Perspectives in Health and Social Care Today's aims: The Black Report 1. Discuss terminology and ways of gathering data about trends in health and illness among different . D1- Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups.
Social Class- Marxism. M2: This table shows that people who live in most deprived areas are more likely to smoke, are less likely to have a good education, they more than likely lived in poverty as a child. Unit 7 Evaluate Different Sociological Expanations For Patterns And Trends Of Health And Illness In Social Groups Merit 2 – Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groupsDistinction 1 - Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups.
M2 – Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups D1 – Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups.